Being exposed to the body fluids of another person or the needles used on another person can be dangerous to your health. Exposure can occur if you are accidentally stuck by a needle that was used on someone else. You can also be exposed if body fluids or blood comes into contact with your mucous membranes, skin, mouth or eyes. When you are dealing with needles and another person’s body fluid, you must know the steps needed to protect yourself from infectious diseases that can be transmitted through body fluid exposure. Biohazard Cleanup USA will clean up a bloody mess.
What Should You Do If You Are Exposed To Biohazards
After you have experienced a cut exposure or a needle stick, you must immediately wash the area using hot water and plenty of soap. If you have been splashed in the nose or mouth or the body fluids have made contact with your skin, flush the area with plenty of water. If the exposure occurs to your eyes, irrigate them using either a sterile irrigant, a saline solution or clean water. It is imperative that you contact your supervisor immediately following the exposure. Do not hide the incident or decide you do not need additional care. Your workplace will have a policy that must be followed following an exposure. Often there is an expert nurse or healthcare provider that is in charge of handling exposures. You will typically need medications, a series of lab tests and a vaccine following an exposure. Never delay reporting an exposure as a biohazard cleanup will also need to take place.
When you are reporting an exposure to blood, the following information will be needed:
- How the exposure or needle stick occurred
- The type of instrument that was used at the time of exposure
- The type of body fluid you were exposed to like saliva, blood, feces or other body fluids
- How long the exposure lasted
- How much body fluid was involved
- Whether blood from the individual was visible on a needle or instrument
- Whether anybody fluid or blood was injected into you
- Whether the body fluid came in contact with an open sore
- The area of the body that was exposed (mouth, eyes, mucous membranes, skin, etc.)
- If the person has HIV, hepatitis, MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Once an exposure to blood has occurred, there is a chance you may be infected with the following germs:
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- HIV (the virus responsible for AIDS)
- Numerous bacteria, including staph
Most of the time, the risk of infection following an exposure is low; however, you need to immediately report any exposures to your supervisor. Your supervisor will ensure you receive the appropriate testing, vaccines and medications. Finally, the supervisor will contact the biohazard cleanup crew to ensure the area is free of contaminants.